Suppressing the spread of fire throughout a building is of vital importance in devising a fire safety strategy.
One of the biggest risks in a fire is the spread of smoke and toxic gases. If not handled correctly, any attempt to evacuate a building will be hindered by the spread of smoke.
Airflow between doors and rooms will allow smoke to spread throughout a building.
Compartmentation aims to mitigate this effect, controlling the spread for a period of time aligned with the fire strategy of a building.